Ordinary wearables can flag signs of diabetes
Upbeat published an interview with Cardiogram co-founders Johnson Hsieh (JH) and Brandon Ballinger (BB). They reveal a new study about heart rate sensor. Johnson Hsieh said A new N=14,011 study shows heart rate sensors you’re wearing already—like the Apple Watch, Android Wear, Garmin, or Fitbits—can detect early signs of diabetes. The study was funded by Cardiogram and conducted in partnership with the University of California San Francisco. Researchers at Cardiogram and UCSF validated the accuracy of DeepHeart, a deep neural network, in distinguishing between people with and without diabetes, achieving 85% accuracy on a large data set which included 200 million heart rate and step count measurements.
The paper was accepted to the Thirty-Second AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-18) in New Orleans. Avesh Singh (Software Engineer, Cardiogram) and Johnson Hsieh (Co-Founder, Cardiogram) will present the research in a session titled “DeepHeart: Semi-Supervised Sequence Learning for Cardiovascular Risk Prediction”, at 9 am CST on Wednesday, February 7.
Ballinger said, “If Apple includes a glucose monitor in the next Watch, we’ll be the first developers to try it,”. “We designed DeepHeart to be both multi-task (able to detect multiple health conditions) and multi-channel (able to incorporate multiple sensor data streams) for exactly that reason.”
Diabetes is a huge — and growing — problem in the U.S. More than 100 million U.S. adults are now living with pre-diabetes or diabetes and more than 1 in 4 of them go undiagnosed, according to the CDC. Part of the problem is the pain that goes into checking blood glucose levels. A patient must prick themselves after every meal and correctly take the right amount of insulin to keep themselves in balance. Early detection could also help in cutting down on diabetes-related diseases before they get out of hand. In 2005, heart rate sensors were something only elite athletes and very sick people used. Today, one in five Americans own one. Which is why there’s now a deep learning company trying to make something out of the connection between heart rate and diabetes.
Cardiogram was founded in 2016 by ex-Google tech leads Johnson Hsieh and Brandon Ballinger, is backed by Andreessen-Horowitz’s Bio Fund, was named the best iPhone app of 2016 by iMore, and launched for Android in October 2017. Cardiogram’s mission is to reinvent preventive medicine with consumer wearables like Android Wear, Apple Watch, Garmin, and Fitbit.